Ancient pool experience and city of Hierapolis

Consider a pool that has existed for two thousand years. It has columns and marbles of the structures built in the Antique Age inside. Filled with extremely healing thermal water. Sounds nice, doesn’t it?

The Hierapolis Antique Pool is located just above famous Pamukkale Travertines in Denizli province of Turkey. The pool located in Hierapolis Ancient City came to light after the collapse of the agora building during an earthquake in year 60 AD.

It is known that the thermal water flowing into the Ancient Pool is good for heart diseases, arteriosclerosis, blood pressure, rheumatism, skin, eye, rickets, paralysis, nerve diseases, vascular diseases and stomach spasms. So that tourists from various parts of the world come to Pamukkale to swim in this pool. It is even reported that the Egyptian Queen Cleopatra swam in this pool, and for this reason the pool is also referred as the “Cleopatra Pool.”

In order to get to the Antique Pool, you first have to enter the Hierapolis Ancient City, which is under UNESCO protection and at the same time the World Heritage List. Then there is another fee for swimming in the Antique Pool. There is no charge for children between the ages of 0-6. The ancient city and the pool are open every day of the week.

And remember that sun creams and their variants are prohibited to keep the quality of the water. Also, since there are broken marbles in the pool, you should pay attention not to cut your foot.

Swimming in this beautiful and unique pool is one of the most unusual experiences of the world.


The ancient geographers Strabon and Ptolemy suggest that Hierapolis is a Phrygian city, with the proximity to the cities of Laodikeia and Tripolis bordered by the Karia region. In ancient sources, there is no information about the city’s pre-Hellenistic name. We know that there is a life in the city before it is called Hierapolis because of the cult of Mother Goddess.

Despite the limited knowledge of the city’s founding, it is thought that legendary King of Pergamon, Eumenes II found the city and named after Hiera, the Amazonian wife of Telephos.

Hierapolis maintained its development by adhering to the Hellenistic urbanization principles.


During the excavations in 2013, the “Ploutonium Sanctuary” also known as the “Hell Gate” came to light as well as the entrance of the cave which is the “gateway to the dead land.”

Entrance of the Hell Gate cave in Hierapolis ancient city, Denizli

In antiquity, where the Pagan belief is dominant, Hierapolis was called the “Holy City” because of the presence of this cave, from which the thermal waters and the gas (carbon dioxide) come that leads to the death of the approaching creatures. Because of this, the cave was accepted as the entrance of the underground world ruled by Plouton and his wife Persophone. Cicero, Emperor Hadrian and Philosopher Damascius were the visitors of the “Hell Gate.”

Ploutonium Sanctuary

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *